Application

Fillers:

Damaged surfaces may require filling and sanding to provide a smooth, even surface.

Sanding:

The most common abrasive papers are:-
Glass paper - ideal for roughening smooth surfaces to achieve a key.
Aluminum oxide paper - long lasting but more expensive.
Silicon carbide (wet and dry) paper - used with water or turpentine. Best for dulling glossy surfaces where a smooth finish is required.

Stirring:

Adequate stirring prior to use is essential for correct colour consistency. Stir with alternating circular and lifting motions, using a flat paddle until the contents are uniform. Continue stirring at regular intervals during application. Where you have more than one can of the same colour for a job, mix the contents of the can together to ensure colour consistency.

Personal Protection:

Ensure the area is well ventilated. Wear old clothes, a painters hat, gloves where necessary and a mask or respirator when sanding or spray painting. A respirator is also recommended when applying oil based coatings in confined spaces or if ventilation is poor.

Sequence of Painting:

Painting should usually occur from the top down.

For interior surfaces

  1. Ceiling 1st coat.
  2. Walls 1st coat
  3. Ceiling 2nd coat
  4. Woodwork undercoat.
  5. Walls 2nd coat
  6. Woodwork finish coat.

For exterior surfaces
Roof, eaves and verandahs, walls, gutters and downpipes, windows and doors.

Climate:

Warm, dry days with little dew or frost are the best conditions for painting. Painting should never be carried out under damp conditions. Inside heating and good ventilation assist the drying of internal paintwork during cold weather or high humidity. Avoid painting when temperature is below 10ºC or above 35ºC.
Moisture should not be present on the surface being painted unless manufacturers printed instructions say otherwise.

Painting large areas:

Use a roller on a pole or extension handle to cover the full height of the wall in a single stroke. Spread paint evenly until the roller is almost dry. Go back over the area and roll lightly down the surface to give a smooth even finish. Reload the roller and paint the adjoining areas in the same way. Make sure when joining the sections to roll from the dry area back into the wet to avoid lap marks.

Maintenance

You've done the hard work now it's time to keep the paint sparkling

Maintenance Find out more

Clean up

Cleaning up correctly will mean your paints and brushes both live long and happy lives

Clean up Find out more

Common paint problems

How to deal with mould, cracking paint, wrinkling and peeling

Common paint problems Find out more
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